AEDCPR - Online First Aid Certification Class
AEDCPR - Online First Aid Certification
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Online First Aid Class

Cold-Related Medical Emergencies

Frostbite

Frostbite occurs when exposed to extremely cold conditions. It usually happens outside in cold weather, but can also occur indoors when exposed to cold materials such as cold gasses when not properly protected.

Signs and Symptoms of Frostbite

  • ● Skin on the affected area is white, waxy or grayish-yellow in color
  • ● Affected area is cold and numb
  • ● Affected area is hard, and the skin does not move when pushed

What to do for someone suffering frostbite and hypothermia

Signs and Symptoms of Frostbite

  • ● Skin on the affected area is white, waxy or grayish-yellow in color
  • ● Affected area is cold and numb
  • ● Affected area is hard, and the skin does not move when pushed

Treating Frostbite

Follow these steps to help someone suffering from frostbite:

  • ● Make sure the scene is safe for both you and the person with frostbite before giving first aid
  • ● Move the frostbitten person to a warm place
  • ● Get a first aid kit
  • ● Wear PPE
  • ● Call 9-1-1
  • ● Remove wet or tight clothing
  • ● Pat the body dry
  • ● Help the person with frostbite change into dry clothes
  • ● Cover the person with frostbite in a blanket
  • ● Remove tight jewelry from the affected area

CAUTION: When treating someone with frostbite, avoid the following:

  • ● Do not try to thaw the frozen part of the body if you think there is a chance of the body refreezing before the person can get proper medical care
  • ● Do not rub the frostbitten area, as rubbing can cause damage. If you need to touch the area, do so gently

Hypothermia (Low Body Temperature)

Low body temperature, also known as hypothermia, can occur when a person is exposed to wet or cold conditions for too long. Staying out in the snow or rain can lead to hypothermia, even if the temperature is above freezing. Hypothermia can lead to serious problems or death.

Signs and Symtoms of Hypothermia

  • ● Skin that is cool to the touch
  • ● Shivering (which can stop when the body’s temperature becomes too low)
  • ● Personality change
  • ● Confusion
  • ● Sleepiness
  • ● The person has a lack of concern about their condition
  • ● Muscles become stiff and rigid
  • ● Skin becomes cold and blue

While a person’s body temperature continues to drop, it may be difficult to tell if they are even still breathing. They may become unresponsive or appear dead, even if they are not.

Treating Hypothermia

Follow these steps to help someone with low body temperature:

  • ● Make sure the scene is safe for both you and the person who has low body temperature before giving first aid
  • ● Move the person to a warmer area
  • ● Remove wet or tight clothing
  • ● Pat the person dry
  • ● Cover the person with a blanket
  • ● Get a first aid kit and AED
  • ● Call 9-1-1
  • ● Dress the person in dry clothes. Cover the body and head but not the face using blankets, towels or even newspapers
  • ● Stay with the person until someone with more advanced training arrives and can take over
  • ● If the person becomes unresponsive or is not breathing normally, give CPR
Emercency blanket for a victim suffering frostbite or hypothermia
Class: Adult/Pediatric First-Aid
Instructor: Mike Figuero
Publish Date: 2018-04-02
Last Updated: 2018-04-07
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2 Year Certification - Online First Aid Course - Cold Related Emergencies
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  • Address:
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FIND US ON SOCIAL MEDIA
Find us on FaceBook
Find us on Pinterest
Find us on YouTube
Find us on Twitter
Address:
727 North Dr Melbourne, FL 32934
Corporate Headquarters:
+1-321-800-2992
Hours:
Mon - Sun / 24hrs
What to do for victims experiencing a cold related emergency such as Frostbite or Hypothermia.