AEDCPR - Online CPR/AED/First-Aid Certification Class
AEDCPR - Online CPR/AED/First-Aid Certification
Online First Aid training course progress

Online First Aid Class | Broken Bones, Sprains and Splints

Broken Bones and Sprains

Bone, joint and muscle injuries are common. It isn’t always possible to determine whether or not a bone is broken at a glance; often times, an x-ray is needed.

When dealing with a possible broken bone or sprain, take the following steps:

  • ● Make sure that the scene is safe
  • ● Get the first aid kit
  • ● Put on your PPE
  • ● If the person has any open wounds, cover them with a dressing
  • ● Place a towel over the injured body part
  • ● Place a bag of ice and water on top of the towel
  • ● Keep it in place for up to 20 minutes

You should call 9-1-1 if the person has a large open wound, if the injured body part is abnormally bent, or if you aren’t sure what else to do. If the person is still in pain, they should avoid using the injured part of the body until they have it examined by a healthcare provider.

Broken bones, sprains and injuries. How to identify the injury and assist a victim.


A splint is used to stop an injured body part from moving. When a broken bone is bent or showing through the skin, it should not be straightened. If the injured part is bleeding, you should stop the bleeding with direct pressure and a dressing before you apply the splint. Do not attempt to align bones or joints, as this could make things worse. If any broken bones are showing through the skin, cover them with a clean dressing and apply a splint as needed.

Applying a Splint

  • ● Make sure the scene is safe
  • ● Get the first aid kit
  • ● Find an object that can be used to prevent the injured arm or leg from moving
    • ● Splints can be made out of rolled up magazines or towels, pieces of wood- anything that would prevent the body part from moving and sustaining further injury
    • ● The splint should be longer than the injured area
    • ● The splint should support the joints above and below the injury
  • ● Cover broken skin with a clean cloth
  • ● Tie or tape the splint to the injured limb so that it is supporting the injured area
  • ● Use tape, gauze or cloth to secure it in place. It should be snug, but not too tight
  • ● If the splint is hard, try to pad it with something soft, like clothing or a towel
  • ● Keep the limb still
Use a splint to immobilize broken bones and spraines and prevent additional injury
Class: Adult/Pediatric First-Aid
Instructor: Mike Figuero
Publish Date: 2018-04-02
Last Updated: 2020-07-18