Online First Aid Class | How to Treat Allergic Reactions
Many people have allergies, but a severe allergic reaction can become a life-threatening medical emergency. Some allergens that can cause a severe reaction include:
- ● Eggs
- ● Peanuts
- ● Insect bites or stings
- ● Some medications
- ● Chocolate
Allergic reactions vary, from mild to severe. MILD allergic reactions can have, but are not limited to the following signs:
- ● Itchy skin
- ● Raised, red rash on the skin (Hives)
- ● Stuffy nose, sneezing and itching, especially around the eyes
In some cases, allergic reactions that seem mild can become severe within a few minutes. SEVERE allergic reactions can have some of the following signs: Sometimes, the damaged heart muscle may trigger an abnormal heart rhythm, leading to sudden cardiac arrest.
- ● Trouble Breathing
- ● Swelling of the face or tongue
- ● Signs of shock
Epinephrine Pens for Severe Allergic Reactions
Epinephrine is a drug used to treat severe allergic reactions. It is available by prescription and is administered via injection with a device called an Epinephrine pen. People who have known severe allergic reactions are encouraged to carry epinephrine pens with them at all times.
There are two different types of epinephrine pens: electronic and spring-activated. They are different for children and adults. It is important to be sure you are using the correct prescribed device.
If a person has an epinephrine pen, they will most likely know when and how to use it. You may help administer the injection ONLY if you have been trained and if your state and employer allow it. The epinephrine injection is used at the side of the thigh, about halfway between the hip and the knee.
Epinephrine Pens must be treated as medical waste and disposed of in an approved sharps container
Instructor: Mike Figuero
Publish Date: 2018-04-02
Last Updated: 2020-07-18