Airway Ė We begin our assessment by opening the victimís
airway. This is done with the head tilt/chin lift. Place
your hand on the victimís forehead and tilt it back while
gently lifting the victimís chin with 2 fingers from your
other hand. While you canít swallow your tongue, while
unconscious it can fall to the back of the mouth and block
the victimís airway. Sometimes the head tilt/chin lift
will cause spontaneous respirations.
Breathing Ė To check for adequate breathing, maintain
the victimís airway while Looking, Listening and Feeling
for signs of respirations. Look at the victimís chest. You
should see the chest rise and the ribcage expand. Listen and
Feel with your ear close to the victimís mouth. Check for
a full 5 seconds. The adult victim should breathe at least
once every 5 seconds. If your victim does not breathe at
least once every 5 seconds then provide 2 rescue breaths.
Cover the victimís mouth with your mouth, pinch the nose
and breathe slowly. The breaths should take 1 Ĺ - 2
seconds. Provide 2 rescue breaths while watching for the
chest to rise with each breath. The volume of air is just
enough to make the chest rise.
Circulation Ė To check for signs of circulation, find
the carotid artery and check for a pulse for a full 10